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Sustainable CHALLENGE

NAXIS SUSTAINABLE STORY

Environmental image

Global forest area is decreasing by 5.1 million hectares each year

World forest
+1,010,000 ha / year increase -74,000 ha / year decrease -355,200 ha / year decrease -132,000 ha / year decrease -3,265,000 ha / year decrease
+1,010,000 ha / year increase -74,000 ha / year decrease -355,200 ha / year decrease -132,000 ha / year decrease少 -3,265,000 ha / year decrease

 

 

 

 

 

Net changes in global forest area by region(1990〜2015)
Source: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

The world’s forest area is about 3.99 billion hectares, accounting for 30.6% of the world’s total land area (2015).
However, forests around the world continue to decline, with a decrease of 5.1 million hectares each year (average net change from 1990 to 2015). In addition, there was a net loss of 129 million hectares of forest from 1990 to 2015—an area about the size of South Africa.

The world’s population is increasing rapidly.
By 2050, the global population will be about 9.8 billion

world’s population
World Population Growth Graph

Source: Based on GSIA “2016 Global Sustainable Investment Review”

The global population has increased rapidly since the end of the 19th century, thanks to improvements in living conditions through the development of industrial and agricultural technologies, increased food production, and decreased mortality through advances in medical technology. By 2050, the world’s population is expected to reach about 9.8 billion.

Biodiversity is decreasing throughout the world

世界地図
陸生生物 -38% 淡水生物 -81% 海水生物 -36%陸生生物 -38%淡水生物 -81%海水生物 -36%

Source: Living Planet Report 2016 - Summary

The Living Planet Index* showed a 58% decline from 1970 to 2012. The decline is especially severe in the tropics, posting a 60% drop and posing a threat to biodiversity.

*The Living Planet Index (LPI) is a measure of the world’s biodiversity. It gives a single numerical value for an increase or a decrease in species based on the data of more than 10,000 populations of about 3,700 vertebrate species around the world.

Water shortages are intensifying as the world’s population increases

Earth

Rapid increases in water consumption

Rapid increases in water consumption

UNESCO “World Water Resources at the Beginning of the 21st Century”(2003)を基に作成

Since the Industrial Revolution, humanity has entered an age of mass production and mass consumption. A major driving force behind these trends is fossil fuels such as coal and oil. The consumption of fossil fuels has also led to carbon dioxide emissions beyond the absorption capacity of natural systems.

Source: Oak Ridge National Laboratory

The age of fossil fuel mass consumption

Global carbon dioxide emissions by fuel (CO2 equivalent)

Global carbon dioxide emissions by fuelGlobal carbon dioxide emissions by fuel 2016 global CO<sup>2</sup> emissions Approx. 32.3 billion tons pie chart
Japan’s CO<sup>2</sup> emissions are Fifth in the World

1st:China28.0%
2nd:US15.0%
3rd:India6.4%
4th:Russia4.5% .......

 

Source: Based on GSIA “2016 Global Sustainable Investment Review”,
and the Japan Center for Climate Change Actions “Global CO2 Emissions (2016)”

Since the Industrial Revolution, humanity has entered an age of mass production and mass consumption. A major driving force behind these trends is fossil fuels such as coal and oil. The consumption of fossil fuels has also led to carbon dioxide emissions beyond the absorption capacity of natural systems.

Source: Oak Ridge National Laboratory

By 2050, we will need three Earths to sustain us

There is only one Earth. These calculations show that we will not be able to keep making things if resource consumption continues at the current pace.

1EARTH 1970 1.5EARTH 20101EARTH 1970 1.5EARTH 2010
3EARTH 20503EARTH 2050

Source: Based on GSIA “2016 Global Sustainable Investment Review”

According to the Ecological Footprint, an indicator of the Earth’s regeneration, one Earth was barely able to cover human activities around 1970, but we had already exceeded its capacity by 2010, and estimates show that three Earths will be required by 2050 to sustain us.

ESG investing is spreading throughout the world

Enviroment Social Governance

■Changes in global ESG investment balance
 (unit: US$ 1 billion)

Changes in global ESG investment balance graphESG investing assets by region graph

■ESG investing assets by region
(unit: US$ 0.1 billion)

■Proportion of ESG investing relative to total managed assets

 

ESG investing assets by region graphESG investing assets by region graph

■Proportion of ESG investing relative to total managed assets

Proportion of ESG investing relative to total managed assets graphProportion of ESG investing relative to total managed assets graph

Source: Based on GSIA “2016 Global Sustainable Investment Review”,
   and Mizuho Bank data produced from “Global Sustainable Investment Review 2016”

ESG stands for Environment, Society, and Governance. As indicators to measure corporate value, business performance and financial information alone are not sufficient to determine the sustainability of corporate management. Therefore, there is a rapidly increasing movement to incorporate non-financial information such as environmental, social, and governance factors in portfolio selection.

Making better choices

To live within demand that one Earth can cover,
better production methods and smarter consumption are required.
Conserving biodiversity and maintaining a healthy ecosystem will enable us to supply food, energy and water to all people fairly and stably.

Speech bubblesSpeech bubbles Sustainable CHALLENGE
Conservation of natural capital
  • Restoring deteriorated ecosystems and ecosystem services
  • Stopping the loss of important habitats
  • Significantly expanding protected areas
Better consumption
  • Realizing lifestyle habits with a smaller footprint*
  • Shifting to sustainable energy consumption
  • Promoting healthy consumption
Better production methods
  • Reducing resource use and waste volumes
  • Managing resources sustainably
  • Expanding renewable energy production
Recyclable Eco friendly Plastics free Reduces CO2 Energy-saving
Fair resource management
  • Sharing existing resources
  • Making fair choices that consider ecological impact
  • Using success indicators beyond GDP
Reforms to financial investment flows
  • Assessing the value of nature
  • Accounting for environmental and social cos
  • Supporting and encouraging natural conservation, sustainable resource management, and technological innovation

* Footprint is a term for the total amount of ecosystem services required toproduce the resources we consume
and absorb the carbon dioxide generated by our social and economic activities.